Atarax is generally used as an antihistamine to treat itches and irritations. It can be used for allergic conditions, for example, atopic or contact dermatoses. Antihistamines work by reducing the effects of histamine, a chemical the body releases that constricts the air passages in the lungs and causes inflammation throughout the body. Antihistamines can decrease itching and swelling and dry up secretions from the nose, eyes, and throat.
Atarax can be utilized as a form of non-barbiturate tranquilliser for pre-operative sedation and treatment of neurological disorders, as well as other states of anxiety. Physicians and patients often prefer Atarax to many depressants for insomnia and daytime anxiety because it is safer, clears out of the system more rapidly than other depressants and physical dependence does not result. It is an effective sedative, hypnotic, and tranquiliser, however, it does not share the abuse, addiction, and toxicity potential of other drugs used for similar ranges of therapeutic uses.
Atarax is also used to treat or prevent nausea, motion sickness and vomiting.
The medication is utilized as a weak painkiller by itself and to increase the effectiveness of opiods.
One of the more common regimens for moderate pain prescribed in the United States and Canada is for plain codeine tablets with instructions to combine the codeine with an anti-inflammatory pain reliever like ibuprofen and Atarax. The Atarax is intended to be taken either along with the codeine or at a fixed schedule of its own.
Atarax may not be an effective treatment for anxiety if used for more than 4 months. Medical professionals prescribing such drugs would reassess the patient for its usefulness at that time.